What are the different types of psychologists and what exactly do they do? When people hear the term psychologist, many immediately imagine a man or woman sitting in an office, scribbling notes while a client sits on a leather fainting couch. Sure there are plenty of psychologists who engage in this type of talk therapy, but people who work in the field of psychology also do a variety of other things.
Did you know that there are psychologists who study how people work and interact with the tools in their environment? Or that some psychologists help athletes become more motivated?
Below is a list of some of the many different types of psychologists and some of the major things that they do.
1. Aviation Psychologists
These psychologists study the behavior of pilots and other flight crew members. Aviation psychologists also perform research on airline safety, develop new training equipment and help select suitable employees.
These psychologists are also sometimes called biological psychologists or physiological psychologists. They study and perform research on the brain and behavior. They also investigate how brain disease and injury impact behavior.
3. Clinical Psychologists
Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose and treat individuals suffering from psychological distress and mental illness. They also perform psychotherapy and develop treatment plans.
5. Community Psychologists
This type of psychologist conducts research on community health issues. They also seek to educate the community and develops prevention programs.
6. Comparative Psychologists
Comparative psychologists study the behavior of different species, particularly how animal and human behavior differs.
9. Cross-Cultural Psychologists
This type of psychologist looks at how people vary across cultures and how cultural affiliations influence behavior.
10. Developmental Psychologists
Developmental psychologists research human development across the entire lifespan. Some focus on a specific time period such as early childhood, adolescence, adulthood or late adulthood.
11. Educational Psychologists
These psychologists study how people learn and the educational process. Develops instructional strategies and teaching techniques. Studies giftedness as well as learning disabilities.
13. Environmental Psychologists
Environmental psychologists explore the relationship between people and their surroundings, including natural environments as well as created environments.
17. Learning Psychologists
This type of psychologist researches how people learn, factors that influence the learning process and potential obstacles to learning.
18. Military Psychologists
Military psychology concerns practicing psychology in a military setting and can include such things as treating soldiers suffering from mental illness or emotional distress, researching different aspects of military life and helping soldiers make the transition back to civilian life.
19. Personality Psychologists
Personality psychologists study the many different aspects of personality and how individual traits influence an individual's life and behavior.