Psychology is both an art and a science that seeks to study the society, family and the individual with the aim of understanding certain mental functions and triggers for otherwise inexplicable social behavior. The different branches of psychology attempt to examine the neurological processes involved in human growth and development, and they depend on the natural sciences for research. Below is a compilation of the different types of psychology degrees:
Clinical Psychology – Clinical psychology aims to relieve dysfunction or stress that is brought about by certain psychological reasons. It results into physical and emotional well-being and personal development. Students pursuing this branch of psychology also undertake clinical neuropsychology and forensic testimony. They learn specially formulated and adapted therapy models to create therapeutic alliance.
Health Psychology – This area of psychology focuses on the general aspect of the maintenance of health. It takes into consideration behavioral, social, psychological and physiological dimensions of an individual. In addition, it also concentrates on offering preventing treatment and measures to facilitate bodily fitness and health. Health psychology seeks to understand the reactions of individuals facing certain health complications and how they cope with them.
Counseling Psychology – This is one of the most common forms of psychology degree. It involves the study of interpersonal relationships over a given period of time. Its main areas of focus are emotional, educational, social, vocational and developmental issues that significantly impact changes in behavior (psychotherapy).
Educational Psychology – This field of psychology studies educational interventions and setting. It entails evaluation and experimentation of the social psychology and dimensions of teaching applied within colleges and schools. It is meant to influence teaching techniques and general practices in and around learning institutions.
Biological Psychology – This psychology degree entails the study of the mental state as a biological substrate. It attempts to investigate behavior that originates from reactions within the body’s nervous system. Research is undertaken through experiments with cognitive and behavioral neuroscience. The objective is to understand the brain’s function in relation to various psychological processes and triggers.
Legal Psychology – This degree is also referred to as Psychology and Law or forensic psychology. It involves the study of the rationale behind eyewitness testimonies, evidence and jury decisions. It also entails the study of clinical reports and systematized analysis and evaluation with regard to courtroom testimony.
Developmental Psychology – This degree specializes on the development of man’s state of mind. Focus is directed towards a clearer understanding of change and perception – it promotes moral and intellectual development. In development psychology, the research activity involves scrutinizing behavioral triggers present in physical change and natural settings.
Comparative Psychology – This psychology degree basically deals with the comprehension, analysis and the ability to decipher the responses and behavior of animals. By providing comparisons, it helps to prove evolutionary links and ascertain particular traits. Studying the behavior of animals helps psychologists to attain a clearer understanding of human psychology. Animal models are used in experiments to study behavior and emotion.
Evolutionary Psychology – This psychology degree attempts to find out why and how humans evolved with ser behavioral modes and perspectives that explains an innate algorithm of deep-rooted defense mechanism strategies. It also studies the actions and responses taken by our forefathers to survive a variety of conundrums. This explains why some thought-over and spontaneous responses have become stereotypically inherent within various cultures around the world.
Cognitive Psychology (Experimental Psychology) – This psychology degree touches on mental processes that inform behavioral traits. It experiments on perception, learning attention and memory, to apply the processing of information mental reasoning and general functions; this is why it is also referred to as experimental psychology. Cognitive psychology is heavily influenced by the works of linguistics, logicians and various neurobiologists, who lay emphasis on both theory and formalization.
Psychology is a broad field study where human thoughts, perspectives, eccentricities and behaviors are examined so as to attain a paradigm of analysis and evaluation of any given variable. Other examples of psychology degrees may include the following:
Social Psychology – it focuses on behaviors and characteristics portrayed by individuals in different social settings. It is also concentrates on various aspects of human interaction and types of behavior that shape an individual’s reactions toward certain social situations.
Quantitative Psychology – this deals with the techniques and methods employed in the analysis of research data, for the purposes of comprehending classic human traits.